Vocational identity of Nigerian army personnel: Roles of spirit at work and energy at work

  • Ikechukwu V. N. Ujoatuonu
  • Gabriel C. Kanu
  • Obinna K. Apeh


This study investigated the roles of spirit at work and energy at work in vocational identity of Nigerian army personnel. Two hundred and forty-one male Nigerian soldiers in the Nigerian army, drawn from Nigerian Army Cantonment in Ikeja, Lagos State participated in this study. Participants’ age ranged from 18-55 years with a mean age of 36.5 years (SD = 5.68). Three instruments, namely, Spirit at Work Scale, Energy at Work Scale and Vocational Identity Scale, were used to elicit response from the participants. Data was analysed using hierarchical multiple regression. Results of the hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that spirit at work and energy at work negatively predicted vocational identity. Workplace interventions that will help to increase spirit at work and energy at work in this challenging and conflict interlude to enhance Nigerian army vocational identity were suggested. The paper makes an original contribution to research in the area of spirit at work, energy at work and vocational identity, particularly in the Nigerian environment.