Development and validation of Organisational Target Index (OTI) among Nigerian workers

  • Regina C. Okwuosa
  • Lawrence E. Ugwu
  • Sampson K. Nwonyi
  • Michael A. Ezeh
  • C. A. Eze


The aim of this study was to develop and validate a scale to measure targets set for employees in organisations. The scale is named Organisational Target Index (OTI). Using a sample of 219 employees in Nigeria, internal consistency and factor structure of the 13-item OTI were determined. A sample size of 219 workers was drawn from commercial banks located in Enugu metropolis of South Eastern Nigeria. The reliability coefficient Cronbach alpha was .82, indicating a good degree of internal consistency. Principal axis factoring with oblique rotation was used to determine the factor structure. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure of Sampling Adequacy (>.7) and Bartlett’s test of Sphericity (p<.001) showed that the data was enough to test for factorial validity of the scale. The results of the PAF revealed that the communality of each item was greater than .5, which implied a satisfactory quality. A three- factor structure of the OTI emerged, namely, aversiveness, management involvement, and goal focus. The study concluded that OTI instrument was valid and reliable for measuring organisational target, especially in the Nigerian financial services sector.