Perceived Occupational Hazard and Turnover Intention: Moderating role of Self-efficacy
This study investigated the moderating role of self-efficacy on the relationship between perceived occupational hazard and turnover intentions among staff of Power Holding Company of Nigeria PLC (PHCN) in Enugu state, Nigeria. Two hundred and eighty eight (288) staff consisting of 184 males and 104 females was sampled from the company. Their ages ranged between 20 and 50 years (Mean age = 35 years). A 3-item Perceived Occupational Hazard Scale was used to measure perceived occupational hazard. A 3-item Turnover Intention Scale was used to measure turnover intention; and a 10-item Self-efficacy Scale was used to measure self-efficacy. Result of multiple regression analysis showed that self-efficacy and perceived occupational hazard were predictors of turnover intentions with an explanation of 46% variance and 46% variance in turnover intentions, respectively. Self-efficacy was found to be a significant moderator on the relationship between perceived occupational hazard and turnover intention. It was suggested that organisational policies against turnover of workers should consider capability beliefs and device means of reducing occupational hazards.