Understanding the social impact of youth migration in contemporary Nigerian society

  • Mary Basil Nwoke


Migration by youths is leaving one’s geographical location to another one within the same country or leaving one’s homestead and settling in another location within the same geographical location by young persons. In other words, migration can be internal or external. It is internal migration when the movement and settlement is still within the same country, while it is external or international migration when it involves leaving one’s country to another country. It can be temporal; and this is where the migrant returns to his/her original place of habitation after achieving his/her economic goal. It may also be permanent when the migrant decides to remain in the migrated place or city or country after achieving the goal. Youth migration in contemporary Nigeria has many tentacles with pros and cons that propel it. Among the push and pull factors are the quest sustainable livelihood, lack of employment opportunities, insecurity, violent conflicts and climate change. It can be beneficial or detrimental to the sustainable development of Nigeria as a country. The position of the current paper is that, among other consequences, youth migration has introduced the phenomenon of brain-drain or brain-gain culture in Nigeria. It is suggested that before the youth take to migration, he/she should weigh the rigours involved and consider be properly prepared manage psychosocial outcomes of migration.